Is The University Of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) Valid for the UK Population?

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Abstract

Aims: UK publications base evidence on University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) results, yet UPSIT normative values are not transferrable outside the USA. This study was designed to (a) Estimate normative scores for the UK population and (b) Identify smells causing cultural bias.

Methods: The UPSIT test was applied to 44 healthy individuals in the UK.

Results: Results showed a mean score of 32.36(males) and 33.27(females), equivalent to an UPSIT olfactory diagnosis of ‘mild microsmia’ (p<0.05, p <0.0005 respectively). Six smells were identified as culturally biased and removed resulting in diagnosis of ‘normosmia’( p=0.1).

Conclusions: The present UPSIT test needs to be adapted to produce a reliable, validated and culturally appropriate olfactory test for use on the UK population.

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Read 33560 times Last modified on Sunday, 01 December 2013 11:59

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