Surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis is performed by a large number of ENT surgeons worldwide. Sinonasal surgery is associated with the potential for serious complications and minor complications are relatively common.
Therefore, the risks of adverse events, although small, should be minimised where possible. This review addresses both pre- and peri-operative steps that may help to do so. Should complications occur, early recognition and management may prevent long-lasting disability, and this is discussed.